1. What Is FSH?
FSH, also known as follicle stimulating hormone, is a very important hormone in both the male body as well as the female body. It is a hormone that is closely linked to fertility and reproduction.
FSH is produced by the pituitary gland. In females, FSH prepares the follicles for growth, and prepares the egg for fertilization. In males, FSH is responsible for initiating spermatogenesis and the production of androgen binding proteins.
It is very important that FSH stays at the optimum levels. If FSH levels are either too high or too low, it can cause a lot of problems in the body, related to fertility and conception.
2. Testing FSH Levels
The test for levels of FSH in the body is very simple and very basic. It is just a simple basic blood test that is carried out on day 3 of the menstrual cycle. The average reading on an FSH test is 10.
If a woman’s FSH level numbers are higher than a 10, it means that she likely has a reduced ovarian reserve and she is likely to have trouble getting pregnant. If a woman’s FSH number is over 20, she is unlikely to respond well to any fertility treatment and is likely to be unable to get pregnant without the use of donor eggs or a surrogate.
3. High FSH Levels/Low FSH Levels
If a woman’s FSH levels are too high, as mentioned before, it is likely to indicate that she will have a poor ovarian reserve. This means that she has a low number of eggs. A low number of eggs will indicate that a woman will have a hard time conceiving, and she is also more likely to experience premature menopause.
On the other hand, if a woman’s FSH levels are too low, this can indicate a number of health problems as well. PCOS is just one of those disorders. As you can see, having FSH levels that are too high or too low can both be an issue.
4. Other Things To Know
There are also some other things to know about FSH levels and fertility. FSH levels do not ever stay the same throughout the month. They always fluctuate. FSH levels can be affected by a multitude of factors, including the quality and number of eggs a woman has, stress, menopause, polycystic ovarian syndrome, some medication and other hormones such as progesterone and estrogen levels.
FSH is a very important hormone when it comes to fertility and conception. Women who are trying to conceive and are having difficulties should try to get an FSH test done to determine what their baseline levels of FSH actually are.