If your pap smear or colposcopy shows high-risk, abnormal cervical cells, your doctor might suggest removing them with a procedure called LEEP. The LEEP procedure uses an electrically charged wire to remove cervical tissue.
LEEP has been associated with an increased risk of future pregnancy problems, according to The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Some women who have the LEEP procedure might have issues with preterm birth of a low birth weight baby. In rare cases, the LEEP procedure can cause cervical incompetence or problems dilating during labor.
Sometimes, a LEEP procedure can lead to an incompetent cervix, which is when the cervix is unable to stay closed during pregnancy. However, the cervix can be stitched shut during a pregnancy if this condition occurs so that women do not have any problems related to their pregnancy.
Most women who do have the LEEP procedure done will go on to have healthy pregnancies with no problems at all. Getting pregnant after a LEEP procedure is not usually a problem, and women should not worry about that. Sometimes, LEEP does cause pregnancy issues once a woman does get pregnant, but these are things that can be easily remedied in most cases.