When a woman finds that she has ovarian cysts, the news can be quite scary. Typically these cysts are caused from polycystic ovarian syndrome and there are issues with the woman’s period as well as issues becoming pregnant. There are ways to treat these cysts if they are found early and doctors have been successful at helping to control symptoms and to prevent other problems in the long run.
1. Where do they come from?
The exact cause of the cysts is not known, but it is believed to be somewhat related to genetics. More than likely if someone in your family has this, you have a better chance of learning that you do as well.
Most of the symptoms start out very mild, so it is difficult at times to realize that something is going on until the cysts have grown larger. For example, some of the most common side effects are acne, weight gain, and excess of hair, and fertility problems. Since there are a number of things that can cause issues to surface regarding these areas, ovarian cysts are not always suspected.
2. What is causing my infertility?
If you have ovarian cysts, there are a number of things that can determine if it will be more difficult for you to become pregnant. It is different for every woman, so you may find that your individual progress varies somewhat.
Size and type are both huge factors when determining how you will be affected in ways of fertility. The larger that your cyst is, the more problems with fertility that you will have.
One important thing to note is that these cysts are typically not dangerous and may actually go away on their own. However, when they push against other organs in the body, they may cause great pain as well as other health related problems.
3. Do all Cysts cause Problems?
In general, small cysts typically do not cause issues with becoming pregnant. If you do learn that you have ovarian cysts, your doctor will probably want to observe them for a couple of months in order to see if it will shrink on its own. Prescription pain killers may be given to you if you find that you are in severe pain during this time.
Many women do not realize that they have ovarian cysts even though most women have them from time to time. Many of these cysts will shrink and disappear by themselves and will never cause symptoms. However, they do have the ability to cause total infertility in women in some instances.
4. Ovarian Issues
There is usually no problem with small cysts and they do not affect a woman’s fertility. However, the larger the cyst, the more potential there is for issues. Large cysts have the ability to twist the ovaries; a term called ovarian torsion.
When ovarian torsion occurs, blood vessels can be constricted as they are attempting to supply the ovaries with blood, which can lead to the eventual death of the ovarian tissues. At times this can lead to complete infertility after the ovaries are starved of the nutrients and oxygen that they need to survive. This is especially true if both ovaries are twisted by cysts. However, if there is only one ovary that is released, it may still be possible for the woman to become pregnant.
5. Cyst Rupture
Another item that may cause pregnancy related issues is the rupture of a cyst. This rupture may be completely harmless or it could cause problems with the ovary to surface. If problems do occur, it could cause women to have a more difficult time becoming pregnant. This is rare, however, and only happens in a handful of occasions.
An endometriod cyst may also rupture and cause issues to appear related to becoming pregnant. Typically, these issues occur when the contents of the cyst spill out and affect other areas of the woman’s reproductive system.
Ovarian cysts are extremely common and many women do not realize that they are even present. They do go undiagnosed at times as doctors are looking for other ways to treat a woman’s fertility problems. If you are having side effects that are typically related to PCOS, you may want to talk to your doctor about it so that you can have a screening completed.